Bänder des Lebens im Hunsrück
Due to the diversity of site factors and small-scale transitions in relief, climate, soil and geology, the project-related planning area represents a typical low mountain range landscape that is home to a variety of different forest and open land biotope types. The spectrum of biotope types ranges from naturally forest-free rocks and boulder heaps to dry forests, rock heap forests and deciduous forests of medium locations to forests of very moist and wet locations such as stream floodplain forests, swamp and bog forests. Typical regional landscape elements of the historically grown cultural landscape are present over large areas, e.g. coppice forest, extensive grassland, semi-arid grassland, bristly grassland and heaths. Adits and spoil heaps are witnesses of the historical slate and ore mining in the region.
They all provide important habitats for a variety of animal and plant species - including endangered, threatened or highly endangered species and species for which Germany is largely responsible. Examples include the hazel grouse (Tetrastes bonasia), the fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra), and the pug bat (Barbastella barbastellus) and Bechstein's bat (Myotis bechsteinii) species. Examples of plant species include Arnica (Arnica montana), Hole-slipper (Anarrhinum bellidifolium), Moorbärlapp (Lycopodiella inundata), and the glacial relict plant Sponheim saxifrage (Saxifraga sponhemica).
The main objective of the large-scale nature conservation project is to create and optimize biotope network structures between the Mosel and Nahe riverine landscapes across the Hunsrück. The project focuses on the development of a large-scale biotope network through the spatial or functional networking of the natural and forest landscape with the diverse landscape elements of the cultural landscape in the project-related planning area. Through this, vertical and horizontal migratory movements are to be maintained or made possible. The project objective is figuratively expressed by the project name "Ribbons of Life in the Hunsrück". They are divided into forest, water and grassland bands.
Another goal of the project is the development of use-oriented approaches for the preservation of the cultural landscape. By linking target biotope types and forms of use with specific products such as firewood, wood chips, mountain meadow hay, herb cheese, herb liqueur, honey and beef, an added value of biotope-oriented use is to be achieved.
To achieve the project goals, measures are planned in sparse forest biotopes on special sites. Another focus is on open lands of the entire site spectrum from dry steppe grasslands to wet heaths. This includes, among other things, the reactivation of traditional management in the coppice forests; rewetting for the development of the typical Hunsrück breaks and moors with their intermoor complexes as well as the resumption of extensive grassland use.
The acceptance of the large-scale nature conservation project by the population is to be gained through numerous information measures accompanying the project. For this purpose, information material (brochures, flyers) will be produced and distributed, exhibitions will be presented and events as well as expert trainings will be carried out.