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Bundesamt für Naturschutz

Bodden landscape of Eastern Rügen (Ostrügensche Boddenlandschaft)

Areas and habitats
Large-Scale Conservation Projects
Bodden landscape with wide range of habitat types
Federal state
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Department
Division II 2.1 Biotope Protection and Management; Protected Areas
Period
1995 - 2009
Area
Core area: 11.094  ha
Location
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, in the south-east of the island of Rügen, bounded on the north by the port of Mukrans, ranging about 3 km to the south over the Mönchgut peninsula into the Greifswald Bodden
Grant amount
12.000.000 €

Project description

The highly dynamic bodden landscape of Eastern Rügen is characterized by shallow sea bays, coastal cliffs and sloping shores, boulder- and sandy beaches, dunes, storm-beaches, sand spits and bodden waters, shallow lakes, lowlands and contiguous areas of forest on historically ancient forest sites.

The wide range of habitat types with natural forested slopes of steep coasts, beech forests in plateau locations, boulder and sandy beaches, unforested fens, salt meadows and reedbeds, carr woodlands, nutrient-poor grassland, heathlands and areas of water, provide habitat for a species-rich flora and fauna of high conservation value. The rare species include sea-holly (Eryngium maritimum), oblong-leaved sundew (Drosera intermedia), cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix), fen orchid (Liparis loeselii), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), the Caspian tern (Sterna caspia) and the black tern (Chlidonias niger), the hoopoe (Upupa epops), the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) and the agile frog (Rana dalmatina), otter (Lutra lutra) etc.

With the project high value parts of nature and landscape in the core area were protected and several measures for renaturation and improvement of habitats could be arranged with success. By land acquisition, visitor guidance and free assignment from the federal land-management company, large coherent beech-woods, parts of beaches, dunes, cliffs, waters and bogs now can develop naturally without any kind of use. Coniferous plantations are developed to natural deciduous woodlands. In all ca. 1000 ha area could be acquired and ca. 350 ha were assigned freely within the project. In the fens ca. 500 ha area could be rewetted effectually. The high eutrophicated lake “Schmachter See” was desludged and near-natural rates of nutrients in the water were restored. For the development of dry and oligotrophic grasslands and the conservation of the unique biotope  of the “Feuersteinfelder” large measures to remove bushes and hulks were arranged.

Project executing agencies

Landschaftspflegeverband Rügen e.V.
Industriestr. 10, 18528 Bergen auf Rügen

Project funding agencies

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Land (state) of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Landschaftspflegeverband Rügen e.V. (Landscape management association Rügen, comprising: Landkreis (district) of Rügen, municipalities in the project area, Verband Insula Rugia association)
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