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Bundesamt für Naturschutz

Peene-Haff Valley and Peatlands

Areas and habitats
Waters and floodplains
Large-Scale Conservation Projects
Watercourse with river lowland mire complex near the estuary
Federal state
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Division II 2.1 Biotope Protection and Management; Protected Areas
1992 - 2009
core area: 20.090 ha
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Physiographic unit: Nordostmecklenburgisches Tiefland mit Oderhaffgebiet (Lowland of north-east Mecklenburg with Oder backwaters)
Grant amount
31.270.000 €

Project description

The river valley peatland of the Peene river with its largely undisturbed hydrological regime is one of the largest contiguous peatland complexes of its kind in Europe. Even today it still retains a rich variety of natural and near-natural habitats. The Peene valley represents typical habitat types of the North German lowland and is home to a number of specially protected animal and plant species in danger of extinction: Eurasian river otter (Lutra lutra), European beaver (Castor fiber), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), lesser spotted eagle (Aquila pomarina), northern harrier (Circus cyaneus), Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus), Eurasian crane (Grus grus), the shrub birch (Betula humilis), globeflower (Trollius europaeus), bird's-eye primrose (Primula farinosa), marsh gentian (Gentiana pneumonanthe), various orchid species, etc. 

Threats arise due to inadequate water quality in the Peene river and through intensification of agriculture and land improvement measures carried out in recent years, which threaten the peat layer particularly severely; sporadic instances of bog subsidence have already occurred. The principal project objectives are the conservation and safeguarding of the Peene river as a largely unimpeded lowland river unregulated by impounding, preservation of the peatland complexes or stimulation of bog growth in disturbed areas, restoration of the natural water regime on drained and poldered sites, extensification of agricultural land use and the management of tourism and leisure activities.

Project executing agencies

Zweckverband "Peenetal-Landschaft"
Pasewalker Str. 27A, 17389 Anklam

Project funding agencies

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Land (state) of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Zweckverband "Peenetal-Landschaft" (Special-purpose association 'Peenetal landscape')
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