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Bundesamt für Naturschutz

Thüringer Kuppenröhn

Areas and habitats
Large-Scale Conservation Projects
Federal state
Division II 2.1 Biotope Protection and Management; Protected Areas
Project I: 06/2020 - 05/2023, Project II: still pending
Core area: 4.834 ha
Wartburgkreis and Schmalkalden-Meiningen administrative districts, Physiographic region: Thüringer Vorderrhön, Hohe Rhön, Lengsfeld-Zillbach-Bauerbacher Buntsandstein-Waldland
Grant amount
Funding Project I: 970.000 €, Funding Project II: still pending €

Project description

The backdrop of the assisted area is the Thuringian part of the Rhön Biosphere Reserve and also the hotspot region No 15 (Rhön) for biodiversity in Germany. It is based on the former inner-German border - today's Green Belt, which was secured in Thuringia in 2018 as a National Nature Monument. This forms the backbone of a biotope and habitat network of regional, national and international importance.

The area is characterised by a varied geology, a moving relief and a richly structured cultural landscape with different uses. It includes forests, various open land habitats, fens, streams and rocky areas. In particular, the species-rich mountain meadows and chalky dry grasslands are national important. Also characteristic are forest-open land complexes, hems and orchard meadows. Typical features are the alternation between basalt crests, slopes of different exposition and the valleys in between, the alternation between forest and open land and the manifold transitions from dry to humid and wet sites. In addition, there is a relatively low intensity of use.

The biosphere reserve has a nationwide responsibility for species such as the marsh shrew, natterjack toad and the cape grasshopper, which occur in the funding area. Representative and at the same time outstanding are the species- and individual-rich occurrences of butterflies (including a wealth of species with Red List 1 and 2 status). In addition, there is a rich avifauna with the occurrence of snipe, corncrake, whinchat, meadow pipit and red kite, among others.

Amongst other things, the restoration of lost formerly valuable open land areas, the habitat connection of open land, the extensification or optimisation of grassland use (especially extensive pasture use; extensive mowing of species-rich meadows; optimisation of utilisation dates), the preservation and regeneration of mountain meadows, matt-grass grasslands, juniper heathlands, woody limestone grasslands and orchards, the renaturation of moors, springs and running waters as well as the restoration and new creation of stagnant waters are planned. In addition, target species such as the adder, black stork, meadow breeders, raised bog mother-of-pearl butterflies and crayfish should be preserved and promoted.

Entity responsible for the project

Naturschutzgroßprojekt Thüringer Kuppenrhön gGmbH
36452 Kaltennordheim – OT Kaltensundheim

Project funding agencies

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) / Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), State of Thuringia, Naturschutzgroßprojekt Thüringer Kuppenrhön gGmbH
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