Bundesamt für Naturschutz



Biodiversity Conservation, Ecosystem Services and Poverty Reduction - Shaping a New Agenda

The Workshop was held at the International Academy for Nature Conservation Isle of Vilm, Germany, September 17th to 21st 2009, and organized by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), BirdLife International, the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity and IUCN’s TILCEPA, WCPA and CEESP.

Background and Aim

The global economic crisis shocked the world earlier this year. Many governments have responded with enormous, unprecedented economic stimulus and support programs to avoid increasing unemployment and poverty. It is well known today that poverty impacts on the environment and increasing ecosystem degradation aggravates poverty. The loss of biodiversity is a central element in this vicious circle.

On the basis of recent discussions and experiences on linking biodiversity and ecosystem services with development and poverty reduction, the workshop primarily aimed to develop inputs for the Strategic Plan of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The plan, which will be negotiated at the 10th Conference of the Parties in October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, will influence environmental policies of 191 member states for the period 2011 to 2022. Among other issues, the plan will specify the importance of biodiversity for poverty reduction and the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals.

More specifically, the workshop focused on three principle elements for the integration of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services into sustainable development and poverty reduction strategies and, vices versa, poverty reduction considerations into biodiversity policy and action plans.
These elements are: (1) a conceptual framework, (2) targets
and indicators and (3) policy instruments (e.g. PES and TEEB).
Outputs of the workshop included recommendations for the new Strategic Plan of the CBD
and a road map for further engagement into the process of policy implementation.

In 2010 the world will celebrate the UN International Year of Biodiversity and the theme of next year’s International Day on Biodiversity is "biodiversity for development and poverty alleviation". In the run-up to these events, the workshop provided a forum to discuss key issues and to develop inputs for a new agenda related to biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. Through case studies we aimed not to loose track and to incorporate practical experience. Ample space for discussions and working groups was given.


Background and introduction to the workshop
Bettina Hedden-Dunkhorst, BfN

Setting the Stage - Key Statements on Conservation and Poverty Reduction

Why do we need a conceptual framework?
Alfred Oteng-Yeboah, Council for Science and Technology

Social Assessment to address the links between Conservation and Poverty Reduction – what is needed?
Lea Scherl, IUCN CEESP (Oceania) and IUCN CEESP-WCPA, Taskforce on Protected Areas, Equity and Livelihoods

What are the requirements for successful policy implementation?
Carlos Manuel Rodriguez, Conservation International

Introduction to the Strategic Plan of the CBD and the ongoing review process

The 2010 target
Alberto Vega, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Comments on the potential and constraints of the Strategic Plan in general and the new Strategic Plan in particular
Alfred Oteng-Yeboah, Council for Science and Technology

Opportunities for further short ad-hoc presentation of activities and social gathering

Balancing the needs of conservation, poverty reduction and governance - Conclusions and Recommendations
Barbara Lassen, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH

Policies and Policy Instruments

Payments for ecosystem services in Costa Rica: A successful policy instrument for linking conservation and sustainable development
Carlos Manuel Rodriguez, Conservation International

Challenges and potentials resulting from the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity
Johannes Förster, Helmholz Centre for Environmental Research