Bundesamt für Naturschutz



Large-scale extensive grazing systems in Europe: advancing knowledge to improve policy

At the International Academy for Nature Conservation - Isle of Vilm, Germany
20th – 24th September 2010

Organised by

German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN),

International Academy for Nature Conservation of the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN-INA, Vilm),

University of Rottenburg (HFR),

European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism (EFNCP)


The intention of this 3-day workshop was to improve the state of knowledge on European High Nature Value pastoral systems from various perspectives. The speakers and participants were a mix of ‘knowledge builders’ – people working on the ecology, sociology and economics of HNV systems – and ‘knowledge users’ – administrators who convert facts into policy and NGOs who try to influence them.

In four sessions the following topics were introduced with invited lectures from various European regions. The workshop was accompanied by a full day field trip to visit large-scale extensive farming systems in the area.

  • The ecological complexity of European pastoral systems: what does this mean for achieving EU biodiversity goals, including Natura 2000?
  • The social context of European pastoral systems: what features are central and how can social change embrace them?
  • The key importance of identifying and monitoring HNV farming systems – how can best practice overcome the technical issues?
  • What guidelines can be drawn up for European agricultural policy following 2010 which take into account the needs of HNV pastoral systems?

Attached are the presentations of most speakers as pdf-files. Additionally you find a policy paper which contains proposals how to develop the new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union in order to support high nature value farming systems.





Session 1: Ecological and historical complexity in landscapes and ecosystems formed by pastoralism in Europe

Introduction and overview
Rainer Luick,
University of Rottenburg, Germany

Pastoral agricultural systems –past management as a factor in producing nature and landscape value
Jorgen Wissman,
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Microstructures and carrion as key factors for biodiversity in pastoral ecosystems
René Krawczynski, DBU Naturerbe GmbH, Germany

From gaelic pastoral systems to CAP supported extensive livestock production – socio-economic factors at the western fringes of Europe
James Moran,
Institute of Technology Sligo, Ireland

Session 2: Socio-economic context of HNV farming systems

Economics of extensive grazing systems in HNV farming case studies from France
Soizic Jean-Baptiste & Blandine Ramain,
European Forum for Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, France

History, presence and future of the traditional pasturing system of Lonjsko Polje Nature Park
Goran Gugic,
Lonjsko Polje Nature Park Public Service, Croatia

Trends in shepherding systems and what it means for biodiversity in the Kotel Mountains in Bulgaria
Nadya Vangelova, Fund for wild FLORA & FAUNA, Bulgaria

From shepherd's cottage to mountain restaurant: Touristic uses in Austrian Alpine farming areas
Andreas Muhar,
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Austria

Low-intensity grazing in Germany-between tradition and innovation
Margret Bunzel-Drüke, ABU Biologische Station & Edgar Reisinger, Thüringer Landesanstalt für Umwelt, Germany

High nature value farmland-but no money? - Econommical aspects of Sheepfarming
Florian Wagner, Agrarberatung Wagner, Germany

Session 3: Identification and monitoring of HNV farmland and of grazing systems

The HNV farmland indicator – current situation and future prospects
Zélie Peppiette,
European Commission, Belgium

The high nature value farmland concept – indicators and monitoring: what is it really for?
Guy Beaufoy,
European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, United Kingdom

Estonia  – wider issues of HNV farmland identification: is it counted as farmland at all on national data bases?
Iiri Selge & Tambet Kikas, Agricultural Research Centre, Estonia

Work to date on HNV farmland indicators in Scotland
Gwyn Jones,
European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, United Kingdom

Project to identify HNV farmland areas in Spain
Georgina Alvarez,
Dirección General de Medio Natural y Política Forestal and Beatriz Arroyo Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, Spain

Example from Spain – the Navarra approach to implementing the HNV indicator
Carlos Astrain, GAVR Navarra, Spain

Up-date on HNV farming research and development at EEA
Karina Makarewicz,
EEA - Natural Systems and Vulnerability, Denmark

Modelling biodiversity friendly practices through an economic model: possibilities, constraints and missing data
Maria Luisa Paracchini,  JRC, Italy

Session 4: Conclusions from the seminar – recommendations for policy and research

CAP reform 2013
last change to stop the decline of Europe's High Nature Value farming?


Extensive Grazing and Requirements for the new Agricultural Policy – Promotion of biological diversity, climate protection, water balance and landscape aesthetics
Jürgen Metzner et al., Extensive Weidewirtschaft und Forderungen an die neue Agrarpolitik, Natur und Landschaftsplanung 42 (12), 2010, 357-366