Red lists are lists of animal and plant species, plant communities, habitats and habitat complexes that are either extinct, have disappeared or are endangered.
These scientific reports document the threat status for a given area and assess the level of threat based on stock size and stock development.
- serve to inform the general public about endangered species and habitats,
- provide a readily available reference for spatial and environment-related planning,
- highlight the need for nature conservation measures,
- push nature conservation up the policy agenda,
- are a source of data concerning legislative measures and international Red Lists,
- serve in coordinating international nature conservation activities,
- serve in checking the degree of implementation of the National Biodiversity Strategy and,
- highlight the areas in which further research is necessary.
Red lists are usually drawn up and published by nature conservation agencies.
For Germany, the Red Lists published by the federal government and each of the sixteen federal states (Länder) are of particular importance.