Bundesamt für Naturschutz



Nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas and their rural surroundings

Workshop held from 10 - 11 March 2015 at the International Academy for Nature Conservation on the Isle of Vilm, Germany

Organised by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) in collaboration with German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and Helmhotz-Center for Environmental Research (UFZ)

Information and presentations

Climate change has significant impacts on society and biodiversity. People are likely to experience climate change impacts most directly in cities and urban areas. Technical solutions are only one aspect of climate adaptation and mitigation, while nature-based solutions can foster functioning ecosystems as essential backbone to climate mitigation and adaptation. Management that focusses on green infrastructure as measure towards greening cities has the potential to meet several goals across sectors and may also be cost-effective and sustainable. Nature-based solutions to adaptation can therefore help to address both the 2020 targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity ( CBD ) as well as those of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The aim of this workshop was to showcase and explore good practice of nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in Europe's urban areas and their surrounding landscapes, and to analyse challenges and identify indicators of success. An explicit goal was to assess how this concept can help conservation to work across sectors in collaboration with e.g. urban planning, architecture, forestry as well as water, tourism and health. This workshop also served as a thinktank (a) to steer the content of the international BfN/ENCA conference on 'Biodiversity and climate change in urban areas and their rural surroundings' including interactive workshops on 17.-19.11.2015 in Bonn/Germany, (b) to guide the development of a background review paper, and (c) to provide input to an ENCA position paper with recommendations for policy, practice and science that should receive further input from the Bonn conference. 


Nature-based solutions in climate change mitigation and adaptation – Overview of European Developments

 Ecosystem services and green infrastructure as nature-based solutions in cities to face climate change challenges - state of the art in quantification, modelling and non-monetary assessment
Dagmar Haase, HU Berlin

 Planning for climate change mitigation and adaptation: the role of nature-based solutions
Stephan Pauleit, TU Munich

Karin Zaunberger, EU-COM, DG Environment

 Greening Cities - Current developments in Europe
Sandra Naumann, Ecologic Institute

Nature-based solutions in climate mitigation and adaptation in urban areas – Case studies

 Green spaces as cooling islands
Ulrich Nowikow, Grüne Liga

 Berlin's peatlands under climate change
Christian Heller, Diana Möller, Christian Klingenfuß and Jutta Zeitz, HU Berlin

 Research from Young scientists Urban green - Fit for future
Anja Kries, University of Rottenburg

 Opportunities and troubles of green living walls
Adelheid Wolter, Dresden University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture/ Landscape Management

 Estimating biomass influence on microclimatic conditions in urban areas with spaceborn remote sensing technique
Lisa Maria Ganter, ECNC-Green Welcome Centre Kleve

 Ecological Urbanism towards soil conservation and environmental improvement
Antje Wunderlich, Hochschule Neubrandenburg

Policy Framework – Moving towards recommendations for policy, practice, education and science

 Impacts of Climate change on urban biodiversity (incl. invasive non-native species)
Sonja Knapp, UFZ

 Transformation processes in cities - opportunities for nature-based solutions
Niki Frantzeskaki, Dutch Research Institute for Transition (Drift)

 Alliance "Municipalities for biodiversity"
Katrin Anders, City of Wernigerode

Ways and means to generate, measure and value co-benefits of nature-based solutions in urban areas

Urban Gardening for food production, recreation and social cohesion
Martina Artmann, Universität Salzburg

Economic effects of ecosystem services provided by urban green spaces
Rainer Schliep, TU Berlin

 ALTER-Net: Europe's Ecosystem research network & The Nature and Urban Wellbeing Conference 2015 in Ghent
Marie Vandewalle, UFZ Leipzig