German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Structure of the CBD

Conference of the Parties (COP)

Since 1994, delegates of the contracting parties meet every second years to decide specific action based on the Convention’s sometimes somewhat generic prescriptions and to work on joint implementation.

[Translate to en:] Logo COP 14

COP 14 in Sharm El Sheik / Egypt, November 2018

From november 13th to 29th 2018 the 14th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity  (CBD COP 14) took place in Sharm El Shei / Egypt.

Further information on COP 14

[Translate to en:] Logo COP 13

COP 13 in Cancun / Mexico, December 2016

The 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13) took place from december 4th - 17th 2016 in Cancun/Mexico. At the same time were the meetings of the additional protocols.

Further information on COP 13

Logo COP 12

COP 12 in Pyeongchang / South Korea, October 2014

The twelfth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 12) took place from october 6th - 17th 201 in Pyeongchang. Important topics were the release of the fourth Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO 4) and coming into force of the Nagoya Protocol. 

Further information on COP 12

Report and decisions of COP 12

Logo COP11

COP 11 in Hyderabad/India, October 2012

The eleventh Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 11) took place from october 8th - 19th 2012 in Hyderabad/India. Reviewed and discussed were the state of implementation of the Nagoya Protocol and of the Strategic Plan 2011 - 2020. Negotiated was particularly the financing of the implementation of the CBD-decisions. 

Further information on COP 11

CBD press release on COP 11 results

Report and decisions of COP 11

Logo COP10

COP 10 in Nagoya/Japan, October 2010

COP 10 took place from october 18th to 29th 2010 in Nagoya/Japan. Two important decisions were the Nagoya Protocol and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020.

Further Information on COP 10


COP 9 in Bonn/Germany, May 2008

From 2008 to 2010 Germany had the CBD-presidency. Hence, COP 9 took place in Bonn/Germany in may 2008. Due to the German presidency, the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation was intensely involved into the preparation, accomplishment and follow-up of COP 9. The German presidency ended with COP 10 in Japan.   

Further information on COP 9

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The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, based in Montreal, Canada, was established to support the goals of the Convention. Its primary functions are to organize meetings, prepare reports, assist member governments in the implementation of the various programmes of work, coordinate with other international organizations and collect and disseminate information.

Further information on the CBD-Secretariat

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

413, Saint Jacques Street, suite 800
Montreal QC H2Y 1N9
Tel: +1 514 288 2220
Fax: +1 514 288 6588

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National Focal Points

Each contracting party to the CBD has national contact points (National Focal Points, NFPs) regarding the CBD.

List of NFPs of the CBD

German CBD NFP

International Nature Conservation
Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
Robert Schumann Platz 3
53175 Bonn
Tel.: +49 - 228 - 99 305 2760


Barbara Engels
Head of Division International Nature Conservation
Federal Agency for Nature Conservation
Konstantinstraße 110
53179 Bonn
Tel.: +49 - 228 - 8491 1780

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SBSTTA - Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice

According to Article 25 of the CBD, the Conference of the Parties (COP) is advised by a Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA). COP and SBSTTA are supported in preparing resolutions and activities by the CBD-Secretariat.

SBSTTA meets at irregular intervals on the basis of COP decisions. To date, it has convened twice between each COP and the next. SBSTTA is required to convene at least once on a timely basis before each COP.

The purpose of SBSTTA is to assess the status of biological diversity (conservation status, trends and causes of threat), provide scientific assessments of measures taken under the CBD, and based on these assessments to prepare targets, proposals and advice for submission at the next COP. The COP can also give tasks to SBSTTA.

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Convention Protocols

So far, two protocols exist under the CBD as independent international conventions. These protocols have been written on selected topics and do neither have a secretariat nor a budget on their own. They are rather coordinated under the CBD. Hence, the protocols can only be signed and ratified by contracting parties of the CBD. However, the legally binding framework regarding the implementation of the protocol contents is stronger than the one regarding the implementation of COP-decisions. 

Nagoya Protocol

The "Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity" is an international agreement which aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components. It was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its tenth meeting on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya/Japan. The Nagoya Protocol went into force on October 12th 2014.

Further information on the Nagoya Protocol

German ABS-Information-Platform

Cartagena Protocol

The "Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity" is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It was adopted on 29 January 2000 and entered into force on 11 September 2003.

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

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Illustration of the CBD-Structure:

Simplified Illustration of the CBD-Structure

Last Change: 20/03/2021