The following is an overview of the legal instruments governing nature conservation. Nature conservation and landscape management are central societal tasks in which a broad range of legal monitoring and control instruments come into play. While protected areas place specific components of nature and the landscape under protection, species conservation serves to preserve individual animal and plant species independent of protected areas. In addition, nature conservation impact mitigation provisions aim to secure and maintain the functional capacity of the natural environment and the appearance of the landscape beyond specific protected areas. Added to this are planning instruments, especially landscape plans, in which regional and local-level goals and objectives of nature conservation and landscape management are specified and the requirements and measures needed to achieve them described and substantiated. Finally, effective nature conservation requires the involvement of volunteers, which is why associations and organisations enjoy both consultation rights and rights to take legal action where certain administrative procedures are concerned.