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Hunted species protected according to Annex A to Council Regulation (EC) No. 338/97 and Appendix I of the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

For the import of hunting trophies from third countries (countries outside of the European Union) for personal effects from species listed in Annex A to Council Regulation (EC) No. 338/97 and in Appendix I of CITES, both a CITES export document from the country of origin and a CITES import permit issued by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) are required.

The CITES import permit can only be issued if a hunting quota, internationally verified by the CITES secretariat and recognized by the Scientific Review Group of the European Union, is available for the species in question. The size of each particular quota is decided on an annual basis. Furthermore for the issue of the import permit, the scientific authority of the country of import must certify that the removal from the wild and the purpose of the import is not detrimental to the survival of that species or population. The decision to issue the CITES import permit results at on a case-by-case basis.

If the above-mentioned conditions are satisfied, for the time being the importer receives the green copy of the issued CITES import permit. With this document, application must be made for the CITES export permit in the country of origin. Following the issue of the CITES export permit, a copy of it must be forwarded to the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). The importer then receives the original and the yellow copy of the CITES import permit.

For import into the Federal Republic of Germany respectivly into the European Union,  the original and the yellow copy of the CITES import permit as well as the original of the CITES export permit must be presented at customs. The customs office retains the original documents and forwards them to the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). The importer keeps the yellow copy of the CITES import permit, stamped as proof of customs clearance.  This document then has unlimited validity as the certificate of origin and ownership of the imported trophies. However the CITES import permit is combined with a prohibition on commercial use, which rules out any exploitation for commercial gain.

Any import of hunting trophies from the species listed below without the required documentation constitutes a criminal offence under Article 69 para 4 no 1 in combination with Article 71 (1) no 2 of the German Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG).

The provisions mentioned apply to the following populations of hunted species, among others, where a specific hunting quota is available and there are no scientific objections to the import:


  • African elephant (Loxodonta africana, population of Mozambique and Tanzania)
  • Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus, populations of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe only)
  • Leopard (Panthera pardus, populations of Ethiopia, Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Tanzania and the Central African Republic)
  • Markhor (Capra falconeri population of Pakistan only)
  • Tibetan argali (Ovis ammon hodgsonii, populations of China only, subspecies must be stated on the export document)

Last Change: 30/12/2013

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