German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


European Conference on Biodiversity and Climate Change (ECBCC) 2015 in Bonn

Nature-based Solutions to Climate Change in Urban Areas and their Rural Surroundings

Green facade

This European conference in Bonn was held by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) and the European Network of Heads of Nature Conservation Agencies (ENCA) in co-operation with the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) / German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv).

Conference proceedings now available in BfN-Skripten 456


This joint BfN/ENCA conference in Bonn brought together experts from science, policy and practice to highlight and discuss the importance of nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas and their rural surroundings. The aim of the conference was to increase knowledge and to foster linkages between science, policy and practice regarding nature-based solutions to meet the challenge of climate change in urban areas. In addition, emphasize was given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits.

The conference is part of a series of European Conferences on Biodiversity and Climate Change (ECBCC). The first conference held in Bonn in 2011, explored options to enhance communication and co-operation between science, policy and practice and identified research priorities. The second conference held in 2013, focused on adaptation of main European ecosystems and led to recommendations for climate change-adapted nature conservation in Europe. As a follow up, this year's conference highlighted the importance of nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas and their rural surroundings.


List of Posters

List of participants

Short CVs of the speakers

Day 1 - 17 November 2015

Introduction and Opening
Beate Jessel (President, Federal Agency for Nature Conservation - BfN, Germany)

Welcome and update from ENCA
Simon Duffield (Natural England / climate change interest group European Network of Heads of Nature Conservation Agencies - ENCA, UK)

Thinking beyond grey - using nature to cope with climate change
Hans Bruyninckx (Director, European Environment Agency - EEA, Denmark)

Sustainability, Responsibility, and Nature-Based Solutions: the Contribution of Public and Private Research Funders
Wilhelm Krull (Chair H2020 expert group on nature-based solutions and re-naturing cities / Volkswagen Foundation, Germany)

Nature-based solutions and resilience to climatic change - contribution of nature conservation to human well-being
Georgina Mace (University College London, Director of the UCL Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research (CBER), UK)

Mainstreaming climate change adaptation in urban governance and planning
Christine Wamsler (Associate Professor, Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Sweden)

Opportunities for biodiversity against climate change in urban and non-urban areas
Ingo Kowarik (Technical University Berlin, Germany)

Riparian forests in urban areas as a nature-based solution for climate change mitigation and adaptation in cities and their rural surroundings
Dagmar Haase (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany)

Impacts of climate change on urban biodiversity - the role of invasive and non-native species
Franz Essl (Environment Agency Austria & University Vienna, Austria)

Valuing ecosystem services for urban planning
Erik Gómez-Baggethun (Norwegian Institute for Nature Research - NINA, Norway)

The Power of Surface- How Cities adapt to Climate Change
Vera Enzi (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Austria)

Urban Environmental Health and Climate Change - Perspectives from WHO
Bettina Menne (World Health Organisation - WHO, European Centre for Environment and Health, Germany)

Nature-based solutions as inclusive spaces: Links to people's health, wellbeing and quality of life
Catharine Ward Thompson (Edinburgh College of Art, UK)

Transformation processes in cities - opportunities for nature-based solutions
Niki Franzeskaki (Dutch Research Institute for Transitions - Drift, The Netherlands)

Nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas - indicators of success, barriers and opportunities
Nadja Kabisch & Aletta Bonn (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ and German Centre of Integrative Biodiversity Research - iDiv, Germany)

Day 2 - 18 November 2015 (Interactive Sessions)

Ljubljana - European Green Capital 2016
Kristina Ina Novak (The City of Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Learning from cases of Nature-Based Solutions to climate change adaptation and mitigation in urban contexts
Wolfgang Teubner (ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, Regional Director for Europe, Germany)

Session 1
Integrating the grey, blue and green - Nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation and mitigation as complementary or alternative measures to engineering approaches
Chair: Werner Lang (Technische Universität München, Germany)

Green roofs and living walls as tools of Green infrastructure against global warming
Manfred Köhler (University of Applied Sciences Neubrandenburg)

INKAS - a guidance tool for urban planners to assess the impact of climate adaptation measures
Meinolf Kossmann (Deutscher Wetterdienst)

Copernicus Sentinels observations as a tool to evaluate NBS implementation
Nektarios Chrysoulakis (Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas)

Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems - complementing grey with green for improved Adaptation
McKenna Davis (Ecologic Institute)

Session 2
Nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation and mitigation and the role in fostering social-environmental justice in cities
Chairs: Dagmar Haase & Nadja Kabisch (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, German Centre of Integrative Biodiversity Research - iDiv, Germany)

Nature-based solutions and a socially inclusive development of cities - some reflections from a social-environmental perspective
Annegret Haase (Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ)

The effects of urban green space on environmental health equity and resilience to extreme weather
Matthias Braubach (WHO European Centre for Environment and Health)

Edible gardening- the tool that unites nature and community within the urban environment
Lina Kusaite (Plant Kingdom Project)

Wild urban forests and wood biomass short rotation landscape laboratories on former brownfield sites as nature based solutions in climate mitigation processes of the Ruhr Area, Nordrhein-Westfalen
Renate Späth (Ministerium für Klimaschutz, Umwelt, Landwirtschaft, Natur- und Verbraucherschutz des Landes NRW)

Session 3
Urban (allotment) gardening and urban agriculture as local community based approach of small-scale climate change adaptation and mitigation in urban areas
Chair: Dieter Rink (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Germany)

Urban Climate-Gardens in Berlin: an educational initiative
Eva Foos (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)

Assessing the contribution of urban gardens to ecosystem services and biodiversity
Ines Cabral (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Helmholtz-Center for Environmental Research - UFZ)

Rooftop agriculture for food production, social inclusion and ecosystem service provision: a case study from Bologna
Frencesco Orsini (University of Bologna)

Sustainable Revitalization of Brownfield Lands - Possibilities of Interim Utilization in the Form of Urban Community Gardens in Budapest
Zsuzsanna Fáczányi (University of Corvinus)

Session 4
Municipalities adapt to urban climate change - by effective use of green infrastructure for nature-based solutions and existing actor networks
Chair: Birgit Georgi (European Environment Agency, Denmark)

Public Participation in Developing Urban Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change with Ecosystem-Based Approaches: The Case of Three Pilot Cities in the Czech Republic
Eva Streberová (Czech Globe - Global Change Research Centre AS CR)

Nature-based climate adaptation in urban and regional planning: A review of research projects funded by German Government
Ernst Schäfer (Arbeitsgruppe für regionale Struktur- und Umweltforschung GmbH)

The concept for climate adaptation in the city of Neuss - Implementation in green space planning and maintenance
Dagmar Vogt-Sädler (Bündnis Kommunen für die biologische Vielfalt e.V. & Umweltamt Neuss, Germany)

Green roof Strategy for Hamburg
Hannah Bornholdt (Ministry of Urban Development and Environment Hamburg (BSU))

Session 5
The role of biodiversity conservation for nature-based solutions in climate change adaptation and mitigation
Chair: Sonja Knapp (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Germany)

Natural succession or designing nature? The case for urban climate change adaptation and mitigation
Stephan Lingner (EA European Academy of Technology and Innovation Assessment GmbH)

Nature-based solutions: delivery of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem based climate change adaptation
Sarah Taylor (Natural England)

A tale of two cities: developing floodplains for people and wildlife
Olly Watts (Sustainable Developments Department, The RSPB)

Habitat stylization in urban environment from a climate change adaptation point of view
Ákos Bede-Fazekas (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Vácrátót, Hungary)

Session 6
Nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation and mitigation from a transitions' perspective
Chairs: Leen Gorissen (VITO, Belgium) & Ania Rok (ICLEI, Germany)

Local levers for change: Mainstreaming ecosystem-based adaptation into municipal planning to foster sustainability transitions
Christopher Luederitz (Leuphana University Luneburg)

Use of urban green spaces and global warming
Giuseppe Carrus (Roma Tre University, University, of Bari, Italy)

Transition Practices Incentive: fostering nature-based solutions
Rodrigo Muniz (Climate Change, Impacts, Adaptation and Modelling (CCIAM), Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c), Faculdadade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa)

A deliberative valuation approach to understanding the multiple facets of value of blue-green-grey solutions for flood risk reduction under climate change among urban communities
Martin Dallimer (University of Leeds)

Session 7
Rural-urban linkages of nature-based solutions for climate-change mitigation and adaptation and planning perspective
Chair: Stephan Pauleit (Technische Universität München, Germany)

Nature-oriented infill development in growing regions - wishful thinking or reality?
Sophie Schetke (University of Bonn)

Carse of Stirling - an Ecosystems Approach Demonstration Project
Neville Makan (Scottish Natural Heritage)

Urban agriculture as a city planning adaption measure to climate change
Jakob Köhler (University of Potsdam)

Nature-based spatial planning through the concept of ecosystem services in Lisbon Metropolitan Area
André Mascarenhas (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Session 8
Innovative nature-based solutions for cost-effectiveness and economic viability to enhance climate change mitigation and adaptation
Chair: Bernd Hansjürgens (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Germany)

Valuing the carbon sequestration and rainwater interception ecosystem services provided by Britain's urban trees
Helen Davies (University of Southampton)

Modelling the feasibility of different payments for urban ecosystem services: The case of a public park in Bratislava
Eva Streberová (CE SPECTRA - Centre of Excellence of Slovak University of Technology and Slovak Academy of Sciences)

Mind the limits... to the cost-effectiveness of nature-based solutions
Jakub Kronenberg (University of Lodz)

The mode of being patient - a skillful approach for urban forest use in unpredictable times
Knut Sturm (Community Forest Lübeck)

Day 3 - 19 November 2015

Towards an EU Research and Innovation policy agenda for Nature-Based solutions and Re-naturing Cities
Kurt Vandenberghe (European Commission, DG Research and Innovation, Director of Directorate Climate action and resource efficiency, Belgium)

Spatial planning of Green infrastructure in a changing climate - Links to EU policy
Stefan Leiner (European Commission, DG Environment, Acting Director, Natural Capital, Belgium)

IUCNs perspective on nature's solutions for urban resilience - in search of innovative models of engagement
Chantal van Ham (International Union for Conservation of Nature - IUCN, EU Programme Manager Nature Based Solutions, Belgium)

Governing cities for the future using business and investment for nature-based solutions
Luise Noring (Copenhagen Business School - CBS, Denmark)

Economic impacts of urban green infrastructure: results from TEEB Germany
Bernd Hansjürgens (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Germany)

Related open-access book

Book Cover

A related open-access book published by Springer is available as pdf-download for free.

ENCA Recommendations

Conference Report

Cover Skript 456

The conference organisers prepared a conference report which is now available for download.

Printed copies of the conference proceedings can be ordered free of charge. Please contact Jutta Stadler.

Documentation of a preparatory expert workshop

Last Change: 23/02/2021