German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

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Protected areas: Overview and key facts

1. General overview


German marine waters
Marine waters: North Sea and Baltic Sea
56.541 km²
Marine waters: North Sea 41.034 km²
Marine waters: Baltic Sea 15.507 km²
EEZ: North Sea and Baltic Sea 32.982 km² (58% of German North Sea and Baltic Sea waters)
EEZ: North Sea 28.521 km² (70% of German North Sea waters)
EEZ: Baltic Sea 4.461 km² (29% of German Baltic Sea waters)

Size of Nature conservation areas in the German EEZ
German EEZ total
10.392 km²
 
North Sea EEZ 7.920 km²  
Baltic Sea EEZ 2.472 km²  

In total, approximately 45% of the German marine area (coastal waters and EEZ) is under protection (approximately 43% of the North Sea and approx. 51% of the Baltic Sea).


Size of Natura 2000 Sites in the German EEZ
 
North Sea EEZ
Baltic Sea EEZ
German EEZ total
Special Protection Areas (SPA) 3.140 km² (11%) 2.005 km² (45%) 5.145 km² (16%)
Special Area of Conservation (SAC) 7.638 km² (27%) 1.801 km² (40%) 9.439 km² (29%)

Overall, 32% (10.392 km²) of the German EEZ are designated as Natura 2000 sites.

 

2. Overview: Nature conservation areas and Conservation features


North Sea
Name
Size
Conservation features
Sylt Outer Reef – Eastern German Bight
In total: 5.603 km²
Area I
SAC Sylt Outer Reef: 5.321 km²
Area II
SPA Eastern German Bight: 3.140 km²
Coarse sand and shell gravel bottoms, reefs, sandbanks, harbour porpoises, grey seals, common seals, seabird species, river lamprey and twaite shad
Borkum Reef Ground
625 km²
Coarse sand and shell gravel bottoms, reefs, sandbanks, harbour porpoises, grey seals, common seals, twaite shad
Dogger Bank
1.692 km²
Sandbanks, harbour porpoises, common seals

Baltic Sea

Baltic Sea
Name
Size
Conservation features
Fehmarn Belt
280 km²
Coarse sand and shell gravel bottoms, reefs, sandbanks, harbour porpoises, common seals
Kadet Trench
100 km²
Reefs, harbour porpoises
Pomeranian Bay – Rønne Bank
In total: 2.092 km²
Area I
SAC Western Rønne Bank: 87 km²
Area II
SAC Adler Ground: 234 km²
Area III
SAC Pomeranian Bay with Odra Bank: 1.100 km²
Area IV
SPA Pomeranian Bay: 2.005 km²
Reefs, sandbanks, harbour porpoises, grey seals, seabird species, sturgeon species and twaite shad

 

 

3. Overview: Natura 2000 Sites (SPA/SAC)


North Sea
Name
Size
Status
Selection criteria (Habitats/Birds Directive species and habitats)
Sylt Outer Reef
5.321 km²
SAC
Harbour porpoises, sandbanks, reefs
Eastern German Bight
3.140 km²
SPA
Diver species, resting birds
Borkum Reef Ground
625 km²
SAC
Sandbanks, reefs
Dogger Bank
1.692 km²
SAC
Sandbanks

Baltic Sea
Name
Size
Status
Selection criteria (Habitats/Birds Directive species and habitats)
Fehmarn Belt
280 km²
SAC
Harbour porpoises, sandbanks, reefs
Kadet Trench
100 km²
SAC
Reefs
Western Rønne Bank
87 km²
SAC
Reefs
Adler Ground
234 km²
SAC
Sandbanks, reefs
Pomeranian Bay with Odra Bank
1.100 km²
SAC
Harbour porpoises, sandbanks
Pomeranian Bay
2.005 km²
SPA
Diver species, resting birds

*According to Krause et al. (2011): Die Meeresnaturschutzgebiete in Nord- und Ostsee;

 

Natura 2000 classification (see Selection and criteria)

SPA: Special Protected Area for Birds
SAC: Special Area of Conservation

Facts & Infos

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Facts and information about Natura 2000

Overview and key facts
about Natura 2000 sites (SPA/SAC)

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