German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

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Landscape types

Landscape type definitions
Landscape TypeDefinitions

Costal landscapes

1.1Wadden sea landscapeNorth Sea and Wadden Sea coastal areas
1.2Wave-eroded coastal landscape of the BalticBaltic Sea coastal land areas and areas of land associated with inshore coastal waters (‘boddens’ and spits)
1.3Littoral reef landscape of the North SeaRocky coastline of Heligoland

Forest landscapes and landscapes rich in forest

2.1Pure forest landscapePure forest landscape with greater than 70 percent forest; not further subclassified on the basis of additional criteria
2.2Forest landscape rich in environmental watersForest landscape with between 40 and 70 percent forest and greater than 10 percent water surface, or 5 to 10 percent water surface if more than 20 waterbodies
2.4Forest landscape rich in heaths and nutrient-poor grasslandsForest landscape with between 40 and 70 percent forest and greater than 10 percent nutrient-poor grassland and/or heath
2.6Forest landscape rich in grasslandsForest landscape with between 40 and 70 percent forest and greater than 25 percent grassland
2.7Structurally rich forest landscapeForest landscape with between 40 and 70 percent forest where land use types of conservation value do not exceed 10 percent individually but do in sum
2.8Other landscape rich in forestsForest landscape with between 40 and 70 percent forest where none of the above criteria apply

Structurally rich cultural landscapes

3.1Cultural landscape rich in woodlands/forestsForest landscape with between 20 and 40 percent forest where none of the criteria in the following apply
3.2Cultural landscape rich in environmental watersLandscapes with less than 40 percent forest and greater than 10 percent water surface, or 5 to 10 percent water surface if more than 20 waterbodies
3.3Cultural landscape rich in peatlandsLandscapes with less than 40 percent forest and greater than 10 percent peatland
3.4Cultural landscape rich in heaths and nutrient-poor grasslandsLandscapes with less than 40 percent forest and greater than 10 percent nutrient-poor grassland and/or heath
3.5Viticultural landscape (cultural landscape with viticulture)Landscapes with greater than 10 percent viticulture; landscapes that can be classified both as orchard and viticulture landscapes are classified as the predominant type
3.6Cultural landscape rich in woodlands/forests and dominated by grasslandsLandscapes with between 20 and 40 percent forest and greater than 25 percent grassland
3.7Cultural landscape rich in woodlands/forests and dominated by arable landLandscapes with between 20 and 40 percent forest and greater than 50 percent arable land
3.10Rocky landscape (cultural landscape rich in rock formations)Landscapes with greater than 10 percent rock/glacier
3.11Structurally rich cultural landscapeLandscapes with between 20 and 40 percent forest where land use types of conservation value do not exceed 10 percent individually but do in sum
3.12Orchard landscape (cultural landscape with orchards)Landscapes with greater than 10 percent orchard land; landscapes that can be classified both as orchard and viticulture landscapes are classified as the predominant type

Open cultural landscapes

4.1Open cultural landscape dominated by grasslandsLandscapes with less than 20 percent forest and greater than 25 grassland
4.2Open cultural landscape dominated by arable landLandscapes with less than 20 percent forest and greater than 50 arable land
4.3Other open cultural landscapeLandscapes with less than 20 percent forest where none of the above criteria apply
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Mining landscape

Landscapes with greater than 10 percent of the land surface under open cast mining are classified as mining landscapes regardless of other land uses
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Conurbations

Landscapes with high density of settlement and infrastructure

Last Change: 14/03/2007

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