German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Renewable Energies

The energy production in Germany is primarily based on the usage of fossil fuels like oil, natural gas, coal and nuclear power. The energy supply of the future should be transformed into a stronger usage of renewable energies, especially in the realm of electricity but also in transportation and heating.

Reasons for such an energy change are altogether:

- Implementation of international and national climate protection goals
- Long term security of the energy supply regarding limited fossil resources
- The declared ending of nuclear power usage by the German government
- Reduction of independence on imported fossil fuels

The extension of renewable energies provokes big challenges for the protection of species, nature and landscape. In Germany, there are goals for the conservation of biodiversity and climate protection. In all these areas, the German government has committed itself to fulfil broad national and international targets. These various targets, naturally, are connected with each other. On the one hand, this may cause synergy effects but, on the other hand, also conflicts.

Deriving from that, the challenge is to establish an efficient, powerful and secure system of energy supply, which also includes the extension and improvement of power grids.

This has to happen in a nature friendly way and may not lead to a further loss of biodiversity. All these synergies and impacts of the renewable energies on nature and landscape are determined and analysed by the "Specialisation centre for renewable energies and nature conservation" (KEN).

The yielded results should help to put the extension of renewable energies in a nature friendly frame.
Within its position as a consultant for the federal government the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation transmits these results as a basis for legislation processes and practical usage.

Last Change: 06/11/2020