German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Species Conservation

Logo: Wolf im Vordergrund auf Deutschlandkarte im Hintergrund

Ongoing biodiversity loss, in particular the loss of species and their populations, is caused by multiple factors. To combat this loss, state action that takes the various influencing causes into account, is required. The German Federal Nature Conservation Agency (BfN) works on the advancement and development of national and international species conservation law, in accordance with ecological and conservation principles. The individual regulations, within this body of law, target direct and indirect threats. Direct threats include the commercial trade in wild plants and animals, while indirect threats refer to impacts on species habitats and locations.

Alongside dealing with fundamental issues of the ecology and conservation of animal and plant species and communities, BfN analyses the threat and situational characteristics of native species, their habitats and locations. The resulting knowledge forms the basis for strategies, guidelines and recommendations regarding species conservation issues, action plans and interventions. 

Species conservation in Germany is regulated by various national, European and international laws, regulations, directives and conventions.

Legislation and Conventions

BfN provides information about concepts and results of situational and threat analyses and assessments of species, including suggestions regarding actions for their conservation and support. In German only with the exception of

Red List

BfN gathers population, development and monitoring information regarding animal and plant stocks, to aid in the conservation of species. This information is based on flora documentation, monitoring according to FFH guidelines and monitoring of large carnivores and birds. In German only with the exception of

Monitoring under the Habitats Directive

Various information systems provide data, analyses and information regarding protected, alien and invasive species. The systems also encapsulate Germany's wild plant species and the potential natural vegetation of the country. The various data, analyses and information gathered are made available for online inquiries.

Information systems

Last Change: 02/03/2018