German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Exemplary management of the consequences of impacts: The example of the Mittlere Havel cultural landscape

Support priority:

Fostering regional development compatible with nature conservation: Agriculture, forestry and water resource management in line with nature conservation objectives


Cultural landscape of the Mittlere Havel between Potsdam and Brandenburg, Landkreis (district) of Potsdam-Mittelmark, Brandenburg


12/2000 - 12/2005 (Main project)

07/2001 - 12/2005 (In-process scientific studies)

Short description:

The statutory impact mitigation regulations contained in the Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG) §8 oblige project developers to avoid, wherever possible, any substantial and lasting degradation of ecosystems and landscapes. Moreover, unavoidable impacts must be mitigated in such a way as to guarantee the potential of the natural ecosystem to fulfil all its functions, and to reinstate or regenerate landscape amenity in keeping with its natural character. To this end, compensation and replacement measures must be carried out.

Implementation of these mitigation and environmental compensation measures increasingly runs into problems. The difficult and highly cost-intensive process of locating and making available land is proving more and more of a critical obstacle. With management from an earlier stage, and in cooperation with land-users and landowners, these problems can be tackled in a much better and more conservation-minded way.

This is the starting point for the testing and development project. It is intended to assume a pioneering role, highlighting the potential of organizing land banks and measures under the statutory impact mitigation regulations which also meet conservation objectives. The establishment of a 'land agency' as an innovative organizational structure creates a cooperation and coordination body facilitating implementation of impact mitigation. The task of the land agency is to take on the implementation of mitigation and environmental compensation measures, particularly management of the provision of land, and long-term assurance and upkeep of the measures.

The land agency will be available as a direct point of contact for those responsible for impacts, i.e. the project developers, and will offer them various service packages.

The intention here is not for those responsible for impacts to be relieved of their obligations under the Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG) §8, but to coordinate individual commitments in a rational way on the basis of an overall spatial plan and set of objectives informed by conservation principles. This central management should enable a more effective contribution to implementation of the overall conservation strategy for the region within the framework of impact mitigation.

The immediate challenges of coordination call for the involvement not only of regional conservation actors and the project developers, but of all relevant actors and institutions, e.g. from the fields of agriculture, forestry and water resources management, and also from local authorities.

Furthermore the project serves to promote key individual measures within the region's overall conservation strategy which cannot be implemented within the framework of impact mitigation. The combination of mitigation and environmental compensation measures supplemented by specific conservation measures should result in comprehensive activities for the establishment of habitat network structures in both dry-land and wetland environments. Flanking investment measures will be directed towards closing gaps where implementation is not possible under impact mitigation commitments and associated compensation and replacement measures.

Project executing agencies:

Naturschutzfonds Brandenburg (Conservation fund Brandenburg) (Main project)Lenné Str. 74
14471 Potsdam, Germany

University of Potsdam (In-process scientific studies)
Prof. Dr. Beate Jessel
Postfach 601 553
14415 Potsdam, Germany

Liaison within BfN:

Torsten Wilke, Unit FG II 4.1

Project funding agencies:

BfN; Naturschutzfonds Brandenburg (Conservation fund Brandenburg); Ministry for agriculture, environmental protection and regional planning of the Land (state) of Brandenburg; University of Potsdam

Level of funding:

2.39 million €

Further information:

Jessel, B.; Schöps, A.; Gall, B. & Szaramowicz, M. (2006): Flächenpools in der Eingriffsregelung und regionales Landschaftswasssermanagement als Beiträge zu einer integrierten Landschaftsentwicklung am Beispiel der Mittleren Havel. Abschlussbericht zum E+E-Vorhaben "Entwicklung und modellhafte Umsetzung einer regionalen Konzeption zur Bewältigung von Eingriffsfolgen am Beispiel der Kulturlandschaft Mittlere Havel". Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 33. 410 S. (order here)

BfN-Skript 39: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Kulturlandschaft Mittlere Havel (Working group Mittlere Havel cultural landscape; IUS GmbH & PAN GmbH) "Studie - Entwicklung und modellhafte Umsetzung einer regionalen Konzeption zur Bewältigung von Eingriffsfolgen durch einen Ausgleichspool am Beispiel der Kulturlandschaft Mittlere Havel" (Study - development and implementation of a pilot regional proposal for managing the consequences of impacts by means of a compensation pool: Example of the Mittlere Havel cultural landscape)

...find out more on the Internet (Cultural Landscape of the Mittlere Havel, Land Agency; only in German)

...find out more on the Internet (Institute of Geoecology, University of Potsdam; only in German)

...find out more on the Internet (Magazin issue 01/2000: "Flächenpoolprojekte in Brandenburg" (Land pool projects in Brandenburg); only in German)

...find out more on the Internet (Arbeitsgruppe für regionale Struktur- und Umweltforschung GmbH (ARSU, Working group for regional structural and environmental research with numerous projects on the theme of 'land pooling'; only in German)

Last Change: 09/11/2011