German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Module 2: Conservation economics and financing

Many root causes of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation are economic in nature. At the same time, there is a growing understanding that biodiversity and ecosystems underpin economic development in a multitude of ways, and that there is an urgent need to value them accordingly. This growing understanding is reflected in the recent studies on The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) which will be introduced at the module.

In addition, conservation efforts are often severely constrained by the available financial resources. The module will introduce a number of innovative financing instruments and assist the fellows in exploring their applicability and potential benefits. This will be complemented by a practical training on fundraising and proposal writing.

During the second module participants have the opportunity to

  • Develop their understanding of the economic dimensions of biodiversity conservation and the management of natural resources.
  • Familiarize themselves with the findings of the study series “The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity”.
  • Analyze the relationship between biodiversity conservation on the one hand and rural livelihoods as well as regional development on the other hand.
  • Get to know the most important financing instruments for nature conservation and explore their applicability in their home countries.
  • Improve their skills in the areas of fundraising and proposal development for site based conservation projects.

Technical training areas

  • Economic root causes of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation.
  • Economics of ecosystems and biodiversity, including TEEB studies.
  • Ways to support sustainable livelihoods of poor rural communities.
  • Relationship between biodiversity conservation, tourism and sustainable regional development.
  • Innovative financing instruments for biodiversity conservation.

Management training areas

  • Fundraising and proposal writing for conservation projects.
  • Technical writing.


During Module 2, fellows will presumably visit the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Rhoen, which provides an example of the integration of conservation with regional development.

Photo: S. Bücs

Logo of the Klaus-Toepfer-Fellowship-Programme

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