German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


List of Case-Specific Decisions on the Import of Protected Animal Species

  • Are you a zookeeper, an animal owner or a customs official employed by a nature conservation agency or otherwise involved in nature conservation activities?
  • Are you a journalist, school pupil, student or nature conservation enthusiast and interested in learning more about CITES and Regulation (EC) 338/97?
  • Are you already familiar with the general provisions of CITES and of Council Regulation (EC) 338/97 on the protection of species of wild flora and fauna and want to learn more about specific animal species?

Vier Amazonen (Papageien)

This section provides information on all case-specific decisions concerning the trade of wild animals from certain countries of origin which currently apply in the EU, must be taken into account by law in any approval process and supplement the general provisions of Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora.

The ZEET database is the first full alphabetical listing of all animal species contained in Annexes A and B of Council Regulation (EC) 338/97, whose import into the EU is subject to case-specific decisions made jointly by all member states. This currently involves 522 species for which 1,034 decisions have been made so far. These decisions apply EU-wide and must be taken into account in national approval procedures concerning the import and export of animal species into/from the European Union.

Legal Framework and Decisionmaking

The legal basis for the trade of wild animals and plants in Europe is provided by Council Regulation (EC) No. 338/97 on the Protection of Species of Wild Fauna and Flora by Regulating Trade Therein. It serves harmonised implementation of the Washington Convention (CITES) in the EU and governs imports and exports of all species protected under CITES along with a number of other, mostly non-European, species.


The Regulation provides that national CITES management authorities in the various EU member states make their own decisions regarding import and export approvals. Apart from the basic restrictions arising from the Regulation, account must be taken of all decisions made by the EU Scientific Review Group (SRG) and the EU CITES Committee, both of which meet three or four times a year in Brussels and may reach decisions by written vote between meetings. 

Since Council Regulation (EC) 338/97 entered into force, the SRG (comprising representatives from national CITES management authorities) has made a wide range of decisions on the import of specific animal species from certain countries of origin, largely based on Article 4.1 (a) and 4.2 (a). Article 4 sets out the criteria to be considered prior to approving the import of species listed in Annexes A and B of Council Regulation (EC) 338/97. Among other things, it provides that imports may only be approved if the competent scientific authority is satisfied, after reviewing all available information and considering any opinion by the Scientific Review Group, that the import into the European Union will not have an immediate adverse effect on the conservation status of the species involved. All decisions made on the basis of Article 4 remain applicable throughout the EU until such time as the conditions assessed when making a decision are significantly altered, and can only be changed by reaching a new EU decision.

Most case-specific decisions made by the Scientific Review Group or the CITES Committee regarding import bans on specific species are published annually in the EU Official Journal (most recently Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1587 of 24 September 2019). Import bans decided in the meantime by either body but which have yet to be published must also be considered by the national CITES management authorities. 

Follow the links below for the full text of Council Regulation (EC) 338/97, more on CITES and background information on the EU provisions and the committees mentioned above: 

EU Commission Website on Council Regulation (EC) 338/97

CITES Website

ZEET Content

ZEET provides a listing of all existing case-specific decisions presented in alphabetical order according to scientific genus or species name.

Part 1 of the collection covers general trade restrictions decided by the EC CITES Committee and announced by the EU Commission. They refer either to specific countries or to animal groups from those countries.

Part 2 is the actual, comprehensive listing of all case-specific decisions on the import of animals from certain countries of origin. The information is supplemented by the countries’ annual export figures for the animal species in question. All export quotas are registered by the CITES Secretariat and published on the CITES website. However, registration is not necessarily linked to recognition by the EU member states. The Scientific Review Group can decide to ban imports despite export quotas having been reported if they believe that those quotas cannot be deemed sustainable over time. Publication of export quotas via the ZEET portal does not mean, therefore, that species covered by those quotas are automatically approved for import into the EU.

Vogelflügler (Schmetterling)

No EU-wide case-specific decisions have been reached for species covered by Council Regulation (EC) 338/97 which are not listed in ZEET. Applications concerning the import and export of these taxa are subject to approval by the respective national CITES management authorities. If they reject an application it must be verified by the Scientific Review Group.

The decisions listed in ZEET have been compiled to the best available knowledge and following detailed research. No guarantees can be given, however, as regards correctness, completeness and currentness. The decisions are subject to change at short notice. Updates are usually made on a quarterly basis or immediately following notification of new decisions – this usually coincides with SRG meetings. The decisions constitute neither a legal entitlement to issuance of an approval document or certification nor do they set any precedence regarding rejection of an application. Whether or not approval/certification can be granted remains subject to the prevailing application procedure.

Further Information

Follow the links below for further information on the legal framework, import and export applications and species protection in general:

Implementing the Washington Convention/CITES


Species+ UNEP-WCMC

CITES Website

European Commission - CITES


Titelblatt Infoflyer

Flyer about ZEET
as PDF
in German
and English



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FG II 1.1

Last Change: 22/03/2021