German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)



Indicator systems for biodiversity in Germany

Indicator systems highlight biological diversity from many different angles

In nature conservation, indicators are an important tool in measuring the progress made in implementing nature conservation measures and in illustrating the successes and failures in achieving important nature conservation goals. They serve to advise policymakers and inform the general public.

The indicator systems were introduced in 2004 and 2005 as part of Germany’s National Sustainable Development Strategy and the Länder Initiative on Core Indicators (LIKI). Others were introduced by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA). These indicators cover a wide range of issues concerning the environment, the economy and society. The subject of biological diversity is covered only in selected sub-aspects. Reports and online portals provide regular information on the status of and trends in indicators in the various systems.

National Strategy on Biological Diversity indicators highlight nationwide trends

The new indicator set introduced in the National Strategy on Biological Diversity in 2007 provides data on the status of and trends in biodiversity in Germany for the first time in summary form. The indicators also supply information on pressures on biodiversity, biodiversity conservation measures and measures to ensure the sustainable use of biodiversity. In the ensuing years, the indicator set has been enhanced and further developed by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation in conjunction with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. In 2015, a range of biodiversity indicators were published in the first report on the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (DAS).