German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


The State of Nature

A fire salamander on moss.

The diversity of animals, plants and fungi, together with the soil, waters and the atmosphere, make up the natural resources of our Earth. Species and complex interrelationships between species - such as food chains - are crucial to the functioning of ecosystems.


A Habitat is a distinct area that is inhabited by a specific ecological community of animals, plants and fungi. Habitat diversity accounts for a substantial share of biological diversity. Unless habitats are conserved, the species found in them have no chance of survival.

A green and rocky mountain landscape with a path leading to it.

The term 'landscape' has numerous different meanings. In the geographical sense of the word, a landscape is defined as a part of the Earth's surface that is distinguished from other areas of the Earth's surface with regard to its overall appearance and characteristic outward features.