German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

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The State of Nature

A fire salamander on moss. (Picture: Wilhelm Gailberger/piclease)

The diversity of animals, plants and fungi, together with the soil, waters and the atmosphere, make up the natural resources of our Earth. Species and complex interrelationships between species - such as food chains - are crucial to the functioning of ecosystems.


Mudflats. (Picture: Hans Glader/piclease)

A Habitat is a distinct area that is inhabited by a specific ecological community of animals, plants and fungi. Habitat diversity accounts for a substantial share of biological diversity. Unless habitats are conserved, the species found in them have no chance of survival.


A green and rocky mountain landscape with a path leading to it. (Picture: Marco Pollini/piclease)

The term 'landscape' has numerous different meanings. In the geographical sense of the word, a landscape is defined as a part of the Earth's surface that is distinguished from other areas of the Earth's surface with regard to its overall appearance and characteristic outward features.

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