German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Animals, plants and fungi

Summary conservation status of species in Germany

Only a quarter of Habitats Directive species have good conservation status

The European Union’s Habitats Directive protects wild animal and plant species that are endangered or very rare throughout Europe (referred to as ‘species of Community interest’). The protection objective is to bring these species to favourable conservation status. Only a quarter of them have such status. The conservation status of the majority is inadequate or bad.

The 2013 National Report under the Habitats Directive involved assessing the conservation status, in each of the three biogeographical regions, of 363 species and 11 species groups (for a total of 374 assessments), with many of the species and species groups occurring in more than one region.

In total, favourable conservation status has been attained for 25 percent of species. 29 percent of species have bad and 31 percent have inadequate conservation status. The conservation status is especially unfavourable for amphibians, migratory fish species, butterflies and moths, and mosses.

Conservation status of species relatively good in the Alpine region

The 80 species evaluated in the Alpine region were given the best assessment. At the same time, this is also where there are the most gaps in the data. In the Atlantic and Continental region, only about a fifth of evaluated species have favourable conservation status. This reflects the generally greater pressure of land use in these regions compared with the Alpine region (outside of valleys).