German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

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Habitats (Biotops)

Summary conservation status of habitat types in Germany

Status of Habitats Directive habitat types has deteriorated overall

The European Union’s Habitats Directive protects habitat types that are endangered or very rare throughout Europe (referred to as ‘habitat types of Community interest’). The protection objective is to bring these habitat types to favourable conservation status. A little over a quarter of Habitats Directive habitats have such status. The conservation status of the majority is inadequate or bad.


According to the 2013 Habitats Directive report, the conservation status of a little more than a quarter of Habitats Directive habitat types is favourable and that of over two thirds is inadequate or bad. Of the biogeographical regions, the Alpine region (with 44 habitat types) does best overall with 64 percent ‘favourable’ assessments and just 7 percent ‘bad’ assessments. In the Atlantic region (65 habitat types) the status of only 17 is favourable and that of 48 percent is bad. The Continental region (83 habitat types) comes in the middle with 30 percent of habitat types assessed as ‘bad’. ‘Inadequate’ assessments predominate here at 51 percent.

The poorer status assessments for the Northern German lowlands and the low mountain ranges reflect the fact that with their dense settlement and areas of fertile, arable land, these regions are subject to far greater land use pressure than is the case in high mountain regions.

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