German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

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Genetically Modified Organisms


Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are organisms whose genetic material has been altered (using molecular biological methods) in a way that does not occur naturally by cross-breeding or natural recombination (GenTG, Directive 2001/18/EC). Genetic engineering uses a variety of methods to introduce foreign DNA into an organism in order to produce a GMO with new traits. GMOs are also known as transgenic organisms.

Last Change: 06/07/2006

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