German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Hunted species protected under the Birds Directive

All species listed in the European Union Council Directive on the conservation of wild birds (Birds Directive) are subject to a national prohibition on ownership and commercial use. This includes all European bird species.

Exemptions from the prohibitions on ownership for hunting trophies which are intended for the import from third countries (countries outside of the European Union) can be issued by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN).

Applications should be submitted in writing (no prescribed form), stating the species and the country of origin and enclosing a copy of the hunting licence. The outcome of this is decided on a case-by-case basis with reference to an opinion of the scientific authority. This requires extensive investigations and possibly also enquiries to the authorities in the country of origin. There are circumstances in which the procedure can take several months. The applicant must also be prepared for the eventuality that the application may be refused.

The above-mentioned provisions of the Birds Directive do not apply to dead birds of the species included in Article 2 para 1 (2) of the German Federal Hunting Act (BJagdG), which may be imported into the Federal Republic of Germany for personal use or as household effects without any permit or exemption document.

This applies to the following species:

  • Barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis)
  • Bean goose (Anser fabalis)
  • Black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix)
  • Black grouse x western capercaillie (Lyrurus tetrix x Tetrao urogallus)
  • Black-headed gull (Larus ridibundus)
  • Black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)
  • Brent goose (Branta bernicla)
  • Canada goose (Branta canadensis)
  • Collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
  • Common coot (Fulica atra)
  • Common eider (Somateria mollissima)
  • Common gull (mew gull) (Larus canus)
  • Common merganser (goosander) (Mergus merganser)
  • Common raven (Corvus corax)
  • Common scoter (Melanitta nigra)
  • Gadwall (Anas strepera)
  • Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)
  • Great black-backed gull (Larus marinus)
  • Great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus)
  • Greater scaup (Aythya marila)
  • Greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons)
  • Green-winged teal (Anas crecca)
  • Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)
  • Greylag goose (Anser anser)
  • Hazel grouse (Tetrastes bonasia)
  • Herring gull (Larus argentatus)
  • Lesser black-backed gull (Larus fuscus)
  • Little gull (Larus minutus)
  • Long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis)
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
  • Mediterranean gull (Larus melanocephalus)
  • Mute swan (white swan) (Cygnus olor)
  • Northern shoveler (Anas clypeata)
  • Partridge (Perdix perdix)
  • Pink-footed goose (Anser brachyrhynchos)
  • Pintail (northern pintail) (Anas acuta)
  • Pochard (Aythya ferina)
  • Quail (Coturnix coturnix)
  • Red-breasted merganser (Mergus serrator)
  • Red-crested pochard (Netta rufina)
  • Ring-necked pheasant (common pheasant) (Phasianus colchicus)
  • Rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus)
  • Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)
  • Smew (Mergus albellus)
  • Stock dove (Columba oenas)
  • Tufted duck (Aythya fuligula)
  • Velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca)
  • Western capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus)
  • Wigeon (Anas penelope)
  • Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
  • Wood pigeon (ring dove) (Columba palumbus)
  • Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)

Last Change: 05/07/2007