German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


National Natural Heritage

Nationalparkamt Vorpommern
"Sundische Wiese" in the national park Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft

The National Natural Heritage stands for the initiative of the Federal Government to exempt federal-owned land of high nature conservation value from privatisation and to transfer it free of charge to the Länder, nature conservation organisations or foundations to be permanently protected for nature conservation. Based on three coalition agreements (2005, 2009, 2013), some 156,000 ha are transferred. These areas include former military and lignite mining sites, areas along the inner-German border ("Green Belt") and trust areas from East Germany's national state property. Although many of these areas have been intensively utilised for decades, they have meanwhile evolved into unique natural habitats and function as refuges for many endangered or rare animal and plant species.

Further information

The coalition parties in the 16th legislature (CDU/CSU and SPD) agreed in 2005 to transfer free of charge up to 125,000 ha of nationally representative federal land of high conservation value, including the Green Belt, to the German Länder, Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU) and other nature conservation organisations.

In an initial tranche 100,400 ha were identified. The safeguarding of a further 24,600 ha of land of high conservation value provided for in the 2009 coalition agreement between the CDU/CSU and the FDP has also been implemented. Subsequently, on the basis of the 2013 coalition agreement between the CDU/CSU and the SPD, the transfer of further 31,000 hectares has been finalised in 2017.

K. Leidorf
Green Belt
U. Albrecht
Site Prösa (Bad Liebenwerda)

Further information

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)
FG II 2.1 Biotope Protection, Biotope Management and National Heritage
Dr. Karin Reiter, Andreas Metzmacher, Dr. Tim Mann
Tel.: +49 (228) 8491-1531/-1532/-1533

Last Change: 13/09/2018