German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


The Green Belt

For decades, the lack of use and the isolation of the no-man’s land along the former border between East and West in Europe allowed a continuous ribbon of often valuable habitats to grow undisturbed. The German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) promotes and funds various national and international projects relating to this unique resource.

German Green Belt

Nature was able to grow undisturbed for decades along the former German-German border, not just in the officially designated no-man’s land but also – thanks to the isolated location – in large areas to either side. A map of the Green Belt resembles a string of beads, with large areas of high conservation value between areas of cleared, intensively farmed countryside. It is thus an important axis in the German national ecological network. For many years now, the BfN commits itself in cooperation with various partners to the preservation and development of the Green Belt. The German Green Belt


European Green Belt

The European Green Belt has evolved along the former Iron Curtain and runs the length of Europe, from the Barents Sea in the north to the Adriatic and the Black Sea in the south. In all, it extends for over 12,500 km along the borders of 24 states. Together with international partners, the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation has launched a process of cross-border cooperation along the entire length of the European Green Belt to preserve and nurture it as the backbone of a European ecological network. The European Green Belt

The Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) designated after the Korea War has divided Korea for 60 years. As with the Green Belt in Europe, nature has largely been left to run its course both within the DMZ and in an adjoining civilian control zone to its south. As a result, the area is now a refuge for numerous endangered species. Efforts are underway on the South Korean side to secure these valuable areas for nature conservation purposes. BfN has signed a cooperation agreement (Joint Declaration of Intent) with Gyeonggi Province (South Korea) in 2012 to share experience in order to help conserve the biodiversity of the DMZ. The DMZ and the Green Belt 


Further information

Websites on the Green Belt:

European Green Belt



Further questions:

Dr. Karin Ullrich
Dr. Uwe Riecken

FG II 2.1

Last Change: 24/02/2021