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Red List


Red lists are lists of animal, plant and fungi species, plant communities, habitats and habitat complexes that are either extinct, have disappeared or are threatened.

These scientific reports document the threat status for a given area and assess the level of threat based on stock size and stock development.

Red Lists...

  • serve to inform the general public about endangered species and habitats,
  • provide a readily available reference for spatial and environment-related planning,
  • highlight the need for nature conservation measures,
  • push nature conservation up the policy agenda,
  • are a source of data concerning legislative measures and international Red Lists,
  • serve in coordinating international nature conservation activities,
  • serve in checking the degree of implementation of the National Biodiversity Strategy and,
  • highlight the areas in which further research is necessary.

Red lists are usually published by nature conservation agencies. For Germany, the Red Lists published by the federal government and each of the sixteen federal states (Länder) are of particular importance.

In October 2020, BfN published the first Red List (Mammals) of the German “Red List of animals, plants and fungi” (2020ff) as Vol. 170 (2) of the "Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt" (Nature Conservation and Biodiversity) publication series.

The following volumes of the German “Red List of threatened animals, plants and fungi” (2009ff) have been published so far: Volume 70 (1) (Vertebrates – see assessment), Vol. 70 (2) (Marine organisms), Vol. 70 (3) (Invertebrates Part 1), Vol. 70 (4) (Invertebrates Part 2), Vol. 70 (6) (Fungi – Part 2), Vol. 70 (7) (Plants), and Vol. 70 (8) (Fungi – Part 1). The lists use the revised methodology (see “Further Development of the Red Lists”).

Red Lists of threatened species

An increased need for additional information, the ongoing threatened status of certain species and ecosystems and the need to fulfil national obligations under international treaties (the Habitats Directive, the Rio Convention, the Ramsar Convention, the Bonn Convention, etc.) all support the need for further development of the Red Lists.

Further development of the Red Lists

BfN publications with order information as well as more Red List related publications.

Red List Publications

Last Change: 29/06/2021

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