German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Bodden landscape of Eastern Rügen (Ostrügensche Boddenlandschaft)


Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, in the south-east of the island of Rügen, bounded on the north by the port of Mukrans, ranging about 3 km to the south over the Mönchgut peninsula into the Greifswald Bodden.

Physiographic unit:

Nord- und ostrügensches Hügel- und Boddenland (Hill and bodden landscape of northern and eastern Rügen)


Core area 11,094 ha

Project description:

Eastern Rügen © BfN

The highly dynamic bodden landscape of Eastern Rügen is characterized by shallow sea bays, coastal cliffs and sloping shores, boulder- and sandy beaches, dunes, storm-beaches, sand spits and bodden waters, shallow lakes, lowlands and contiguous areas of forest on historically ancient forest sites.

The wide range of habitat types with natural forested slopes of steep coasts, beech forests in plateau locations, boulder and sandy beaches, unforested fens, salt meadows and reedbeds, carr woodlands, nutrient-poor grassland, heathlands and areas of water, provide habitat for a species-rich flora and fauna of high conservation value. The rare species include sea-holly (Eryngium maritimum), oblong-leaved sundew (Drosera intermedia), cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix), fen orchid (Liparis loeselii), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), the Caspian tern (Sterna caspia) and the black tern (Chlidonias niger), the hoopoe (Upupa epops), the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) and the agile frog (Rana dalmatina), otter (Lutra lutra) etc.

With the project high value parts of nature and landscape in the core area were protected and several measures for renaturation and improvement of habitats could be arranged with success. By land acquisition, visitor guidance and free assignment from the federal land-management company, large coherent beech-woods, parts of beaches, dunes, cliffs, waters and bogs now can develop naturally without any kind of use. Coniferous plantations are developed to natural deciduous woodlands. In all ca. 1000 ha area could be acquired and ca. 350 ha were assigned freely within the project. In the fens ca. 500 ha area could be rewetted effectually. The high eutrophicated lake “Schmachter See” was desludged and near-natural rates of nutrients in the water were restored. For the development of dry and oligotrophic grasslands and the conservation of the unique biotope  of the “Feuersteinfelder” large measures to remove bushes and hulks were arranged.

Support period:

1995 to 2009

Level of funding:

12.2 Mio. Euro

Project executing agencies:

Landschaftspflegeverband Rügen e.V. (Landscape management association Rügen)
Industriestr. 10
18528 Bergen auf Rügen, Germany

Tel.: +49 3838 404512, Fax: +49 3838 404513


Project funding agencies:

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Land (state) of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Landschaftspflegeverband Rügen e.V. (Landscape management association  Rügen, comprising: Landkreis (district) of Rügen, municipalities in the project area, Verband Insula Rugia association)

Liaison within BfN:

Gabriele Niclas, Unit FG II 2.3

Further information:

Natur und Landschaft (Nature and landscape, German language journal), Volume 73 (1998), Issue 7/8, 302 - 311 (Ordering instructions, only in German)

...find out more on the Internet (only in German)

Last Change: 19/03/2021