BfN Schriften 58 - Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity on the ground - the example of biosphere reserves
Development in 1992 and recognized today by almost all nations as binding reflects a new approach to
conservation in various respects.
In 1971 it was decided to use the term „Biosphere reserves“ for the landscape areas declared by UNESCO
for purposes of the MAB Programme. A UNESCO Task Force worked out the concept of biosphere reserves
in 1974. In 1976 the international biosphere reserve network was launched which today includes
more than 300 biosphere reserves in all parts of the world. Biosphere reserves were perceived as tools to
implement the objectives of the MAB. They were defined as large and representative parts of the natural and cultural landscape. The international network of biosphere reserves was to protect the ecosystem
types and the biogeographical units of the earth.