German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Convention on the Protection of the Alps (Alpine Convention) (1991)

Logo Alpine Convention

Convention on the Protection of the Alps (Alpine Convention)

Contracting parties:

The eight Alpine states Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, Switzerland and the European Union. Germany ratified the convention in 1994.

In 2015/2016 Germany holds the presidency of the Alpine Convention. Guiding principle is the "Green Economy in the Alps".


The purpose of the convention is to protect the natural area of the Alps and foster sustainable development in this region. Particular importance is given to observing the economic and cultural interests of the local population. The convention takes measures in the following thematic areas within the context of transboundary cooperation: population and culture, regional planning, prevention of air pollution, soil conservation, water management, conservation of nature and the countryside, mountain farming, mountain forests, tourism and recreation, transport, energy, and waste management.


The Alpine Convention is a framework convention. To address the individual thematic areas, the member states negotiate implementation protocols which concretize the commitments of the contracting states and corresponding measures. At present (July 2015) the following protocols have been adopted, which have not been adopted yet by all member states: conservation of nature and landscape, mountain farming, spatial planning, mountain forests, tourism, energy, soil protection, transport, dispute settlement. Additionally, two Ministerial declarations on the topics population and culture as well as climate change have been adopted in 2006. To achieve a more decisive strategic orientation of its measures, the alpine convention  launched the mulitannual 2011-2016 programme. Priority areas of actions are the demographic change, the climate change, tourism, biodiversity, and transport and mobility.


Permanent Secretariat of the Alpine Convention
Herzog-Friedrich-Strasse 15
6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Tel.: +43 512 588589 0
Fax: +43 512 588589 20

BfN activities:

In Germany the responsibility for implementing the Alpine Convention rests with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The BfN provides advice to BMU in technical and scientific matters. From 2007-2009 and from 2014-2016 BfN holds the presidency of the Ecological Network Platform of the Alpine Convention. Aim of the platform is to bring together governmental and nongovernmental stakeholders in the Alpine region to work on the realisation of an ecological network in the Alps.

Last Change: 10/04/2018