German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Red List of Threatened Animals

In October 2020, BfN started the current German “Red List of animals, plants and fungi” (2020ff) series with the publication of the Red List of Mammals (Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt (= Nature Conservation and Biodiversity) Vol. 170 (2)).

The German “Red List of threatened animals, plants and fungi” 2009 ff provides an updated version of Red Lists of all vertebrates and of selected groups of invertebrates. The following volumes containing Red Lists for animal groups have been published so far: Vol. 70 (1) (Vertebrates), Vol. 70 (2) (Marine organisms), Vol. 70 (3) (Invertebrates – Part 1), Vol. 70 (4) (Invertebrates – Part 2), Vol. 70 (6) (Fungi – Part 2), Vol. 70 (7) (Plants), and Vol. 70 (8) (Fungi – Part 1). Besides the Red Lists the first volume contains detailed chapters about the methodology and the analysis of the causes of threat.

The Red List of threatened animals of Germany published in 1998 provides Red Lists of all vertebrates and of selected groups of invertebrates. More than 16,000 species (35 %) of about 45,000 native animal species have been assessed with regard to the degree of threat they face (BINOT et al. 1998).

Distribution of threat categories 2009

Distribution of threat categories of vertebrate groups assessed in 2009. The pie chart shows the number of taxa as well as the percentage for each Red List category (n = 478). By agreement, neobiota are not included in the analysis.




Distribution of threat categories 1998

Of the groups studied, a total of 40% have been classified into categories 1, 2, 3, G and R. 3% of all species investigated have been ranked extinct or presumably extinct and 3% of animal species have been placed on the watch list.


Last Change: 22/03/2021