German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)


Spring forest of Vilm

Flower carpet in the spring forest of Vilm

Spring flowers in the forest of Vilm

Vilm, 02.05.2019 Year after year in spring, before the first soft green leaves of the beech trees and oaks of the forest of Vilm unfold, a magical miracle takes place on the small Baltic Sea island. Under the first warming rays of the spring sun, a charming carpet of flowers spreads on the forest floor. At this time, the forest is flooded with light, and the first industrious pollinators buzz on the search for pollen and nectar. This short period before the leaves of the trees make the forest pleasantly cool and shady, the early bloomers use for their reproduction. Mainly it is the White Wood Anemones (Anemone nemorosa) that characterise the flower carpet. But if you look closely, you will discover, for example, also Larkspur (Corydalis cava), Yellow Wood Anemones (Anemone ranunculoides), Violets (Viola riviniana), a few last Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis), which usually bloom even earlier than the Wood Anemones, and here and there the first Woodruff flowers (Galium odoratum). The beautiful phenomenon lasts little more than two to three weeks and makes the hearts of every viewer jump in spring-time delights. However, this spring, the carpet of flowers was not as abundant as usual. Reasons for this could be the dry summer of the past year and the hitherto rather dry spring of this year. (Photo: Kathrin Bockmühl)

Last Change: 06/05/2019