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Parties to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

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Detailed source: CMS – Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (2016). Available at: http://www.cms.int/en/parties-range-states. (Viewed: 1 May, 2016).

The Convention protects migratory wild animals at international level

Given their sometimes very large action radius, migratory animals are reliant on protection measures coordinated at international level. This is the aim of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.


Due to the at times extreme distances they travel, migratory animals such as whales, herons, geese and sea turtles are reliant on protection measures coordinated at international level. This is the aim of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (also known as the CMS or the Bonn Convention). The CMS entered into force in 1983 and regulates the protection of migratory animals beyond national boundaries. The Convention now boasts some 123 signatory states worldwide, including the European Union (as of 1 May, 2016).

Recommendations and resolutions, but no sanctions

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals is an integral part of international law, but has no direct sanction mechanisms. Monitoring of progress made as regards impact and implementation can be seen in the recommendations and resolutions of the parties to the Convention. The most recent recommendations, which were made at the 11th Conference of the Parties to the CMS in Quito, Ecuador in November 2014, contain, among other things, resolutions on protecting international migratory bird species and a ban on the use of lead-based ammunition.

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