BfN Schriften 79 - Deep Sea Genetic Resources in the Context of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
The unsuspected high diversity of the deep-sea floor2 defeated the theory of a desert-like environment. This was supported by the overwhelming wealth of different habitats like seamounts, deep-sea trenches, reef-forming corals, submarine canyons, cold seeps and pockmarks. Especially the discovery of deep-sea hydrothermal vents and their unique biological commu-nities was one of the most important findings in biological science in the latter half of the 20th century. This text therefore will focus on these deep-sea habitats. But some suggestions may be valuable for other habitats as well.