BfN Schriften 513 - Sustainability in Practice: Key Aspects, Opportunities and Challenges in Implementing a Standard for Sustainable Use of Natural Biological Resources
The formal concept of sustainable sourcing of natural resources dates back to the Brundtland Report ‘Our Common Future’ from 1987, which defines sustainable development as an ongoing process that ‘meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’. Since then, numerous initiatives, standards and normative guidelines were developed and implemented with the aim to establish sustainable sourcing and trade in natural resources and work towards the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs; United Nations 2015).
This paper is based on an internal evaluation of the International Standard for Sustainable Wild Collection of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ISSC-MAP) and the related FairWild Standard (FW) that was carried out in 2017 on behalf of BfN. The study reviewed 10 years of implementing these standard initiatives and their impacts, successes, failures and challenges during implementation. This paper provides an insight into lessons learned from the evaluation of ISSC-MAP and FW implementation by illustrating their general relevance for sustainability standard implementation.